STERILISATION & DISINFECTING

Ensuring that your salon room is clean and adequately sanitised should be one of your top priorities. A failure to do so may cause damaging effects for your clients. Infection control guidelines are essential to aid in the development of policies and procedures to guarantee that patients receive the best possible treatment. These rules should be
viewed as guiding principles as well as hints or outlines of what should be done. The
purpose of infection prevention and control is to provide service in such a way that the danger of microorganism transmission to the client and personal service worker is minimised. The service should be given in such a way that it aids in the prevention of disease transmission. Infection control procedures must be adjusted to the services supplied.

Every state has different laws implemented on decontamination in the workspace. It is in your best interest to read and be aware of your local health department’s rules and regulations. But to start, it is good to understand the fundamental differences between cleaning, sanitising, disinfecting, and sterilising. We have listed the variations below to help you get a better picture.

Four primary methods of decontamination:

  • Cleaning: Using warm water and soap. This method helps to eliminate surface particles.
  • Sanitising: Using alcohol-based products to eliminate or reduce bacteria.
  • Disinfecting: Using products that contain Barbicide or Germicides, reduce bacteria to a safe level.
  • Sterilising: Using high heat to eliminate bacteria. This method is the most effective in terms of killing all living organisms on hard surfaces.

Now that we have identified the four methods of decontamination, please learn about the steps that you should take to sanitise your workstation, supplies, and yourself.

PPE – Face Covering – During procedures that are likely to cause splashes or sprays of blood, bodily fluids, secretions, or excretions, face protection should be used to protect mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, and mouth.

Gloves – Gloves should be replaced between procedures and between clients. Gloves should be taken off as soon as the procedure is finished, at the site of usage, and before touching clean environmental surfaces. Hand hygiene should be conducted as soon as the gloves are removed. It is not recommended that single-use disposable gloves be reused or washed.

How to Clean Your Hands – Make sure that your hands are always sanitised and free from any contamination by washing them thoroughly in between clients with warm water and soap for at least 30 seconds. Also, place a bottle of hand sanitiser at your station during the service. The most effective way to use the hand sanitiser is to apply at
least a dime-sized amount to the palm of one hand and rub both palms together for 30
seconds. Hand hygiene should be practised between clients, before invasive procedures, after contact with blood, body fluids, secretions, and excretions, and after contact with items that are known or suspected to be contaminated with blood, body fluids,
secretions, or excretions. To avoid cross-contamination of body locations, remove gloves
immediately before and after treatments on the same client if soiling of hands is anticipated. Hands must be cleansed with soap and water if they are contaminated. Hand rubs containing alcohol are an acceptable way of hand hygiene, especially when hand washing facilities are not available.

How to Sanitise Your Workstation – First, get rid of everything that is non-reusable. To ensure that your workstation’s hygiene is always in check, we recommend that you sanitise everything you touched during the service with a disinfectant wipe after a day of work. Articles that come into contact with the client’s intact skin should be clean, and equipment that comes into contact with mucous membranes or non-intact skin should be disinfected properly between clients. Clean chairs, cabinets, counters, and charts on a regular basis. Client-care equipment that has become soiled should be handled with care. This avoids skin and mucous membrane exposure, as well as contamination of clothing and the environment. To avoid injury during disposal, used needles and other sharp equipment should be handled with care. Used sharps should be disposed of in an appropriate puncture-resistant container in the same area as they are used. All equipment that is used by more than one client must be cleaned, disinfected, or sterilised as needed between clients, according to the regulations.

How to Disinfect Your Supplies – Before disinfecting your tools, make sure always to clean any visible debris off your instruments first, as any debris left on the surface may lead to cross-contamination. To disinfect your tools, prepare an approved hospital- grade disinfectant to manufacturer’s instructions. Ensure all tools are fully submerged for a specific amount of time. When time is up, remove tools from soak with clean tongs to avoid re-contamination. Dry tools with a clean towel or allow them to air dry.

How to Sterilise Your Supplies – If you want to be extra squeaky clean with your tools, this is a method for you. However, note that this method should only be used for heat- resistant products (DO NOT use this method on any plastic products). To sterilise your tools, let the instruments soak in boiling water for 20 minutes and carefully remove them with tools like pinchers and air dry them, and keep them in a container. High heat is the best way to complete the elimination of bacteria.